Xi’an has many areas that are easily accessible on foot. In many commercial, residential, educations zones in the city, especially in the shopping and entertainment districts around the Bell Tower, underpasses and overpasses have been built for the safety and convenience of pedestrians. However, although rare, sidewalks will not support pedestrians due to sinkholes.
Electric bikes are popular among students and offer easy transportation in and around the city for many residents. Taxi services are numerous but many citizens of Xi’an still commute to work on one of about 280 bus routes. There are more than 2 million registered automobiles in Xi’an, so cars play a very important role in people’s daily life, which also means frequent traffic jams.
Main article: Xi’an Metro
Currently the metro system is designed with six lines.
Line 2, running through the city from north (North Railway Station) to south (Weiqu Nan), was the first opened to the public on September 16, 2011. Operations began on 28 September 2011. This line is 19.9 kilometres (12.4 miles) long with 17 stations. Line 1 opened on 15 September 2013. As a west-east railway, its 19 stations connects Houweizhai and Fangzhicheng. Construction of Xi’an Metro’s Line 3 broke ground in May 2011 and is set to finish in 2015.
The rest are planned to be finished around 2020. When completed, the system will span 251.8 km (156.5 mi); it will mainly service the urban and suburban districts of Xi’an municipality and part of Xianyang City.
The subway line covers some of the most famous attractions, such as Banpo Museum (Banpo Station, Line 1), Bell and Drum Tower (Line 2), City Wall (Line 2) and Shaanxi History Museum, etc.
On 30 December 2008, a fire accident occurred that was extinguished within an hour and all workers evacuated safely. Sixty six hours later, on 2 January, another fire occurred at another station on Line 2.
Taxis in Xi’an are predominantly BYD Auto made in Xi’an. Most, if not all, taxis in Xi’an run on compressed natural gas. For the taxis’ fare, during the 06:00-23:00,¥9/2 kilometres (1.2 miles) for the fare fall and ¥2.3/Km later, at night ¥10 for the fare fall and ¥2.7/Km later.
There are 6 passenger transport railway stations in Xi’an. Xi’an Railway Station, located just north of Xi’an walled city, is one of the eight major national railway stations, and the main railway transportation hub of Shaanxi Province. The new Xi’an North Railway Station, situated a few miles to the north, is the station for the high-speed trains of the Zhengzhou–Xi’an High-Speed Railway. With 34 platforms, it is the largest railway station in Northwest China. Construction of the station began on September 19, 2008. The station was opened on January 11, 2011. As of May 2012, Xi’an North Station is served only by the fast (G-series and D-series) trains running on the Zhengzhou–Xi’an High-Speed Railway; one of them continues south to Hankou. The city’s other stations include Xi’an West, Xi’an East, Xi’an South, Sanmincun, and Fangzhicheng railway stations.
Xi’an Railway Station covers 597,000 square metres (6,430,000 square feet), has 5 passenger platforms, and 24 tracks. It provides 112 services to 80 000 people daily. Among the destinations served by direct trains from Xi’an are Beijing, Zhengzhou, Lanzhou, Baoji, and Mount Hua. China Railway High-speed 2 now run an express services from Xi’an to Baoji and Xi’an to Zhengzhou; with a total running time to Baoji of under 90 minutes, and 2 hours to Zhengzhou. The Zhengzhou–Xi’an High-Speed Railway also serves Xi’an. Construction work began on September 25, 2005, the railway opened for service on February 6, 2010. The railway has made air service between Zhengzhou and Xi’an uncompetitive. All passenger flights between the two cities were suspended within 48 days of start of regular high-speed rail service.
Xi’an currently has three ring road systems, the Second Ring road and the Third Ring road which encircle the city. These ring roads are similar to freeways, except where there are traffic signals on the Second Ring road.
As a tourist city, Xi’an has built expressways to Lintong, Tongchuan and Baoji, with well-maintained roads to famous scenic spots in suburban counties and to the north slope of the Qin Mountains. Since its construction in September 2007, the Xi’an–Hanzhong Expressway connects Hanzhong and Xi’an through the Qinling.
- China National Highway 210
- China National Highway 211
- China National Highway 312
Xi’an Xianyang International Airport (airport code: XIY) is the major airport serving the city and it is the largest airport in the northwestern part of China. It is 41 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Xi’an city centre, and 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northeast of the centre of Xianyang. China Eastern Airlines, Hainan Airlines and China Southern Airlines are the main airlines using the airport. Terminal 3 and the second runway were opened on 3 May 2012.
International Routes: There are direct flights from Xi’an to many major cities in Asia, including Bangkok, Busan, Fukuoka, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Male, Osaka, Sapporo, Singapore and Seoul and Taipei. First direct route between Xi’an and Europe was launched by Finnair on 14 June 2013. There are 3 three frequencies per week via Helsinki hub to many major cities in Europe during the summer season. United Airlines begun non-stop service to San Francisco since May, 2016.
Germany’s Fraport, the operator of Frankfurt Airport, has paid 490 million yuan to obtain a 24.5 percent stake in the Xianyang International Airport, offering opportunities to upgrade and expand the facility.